Deals included were negotiated and done on a private basis with a small investor group and standalone documentation. This may include listed and underwritten transactions based on other characteristics of the placement. Full credit is given to the lead agent; equal credit to co-lead agents; no credit to co-agents. All agents do not provide details and their share could rely on Private Placement Monitor market intelligence. Direct deals are not included in this League Table for calculation of agent market share, but may be included in other PPM studies. Each tranche of a financing is counted as a unique issue. 

‚Äč2021 Private Placement Monitor EPP League Tables